Prefix derivation (prefixation): what is it, examples

THE prefix derivation is the type of derivation in which if add prefixes to the root of the word, in order to create other terms, such as:

  • nouns
  • adjectives
  • verbs

Read too: Improper derivation - changing the grammatical class of a word without changing the form

What is prefix derivation?

Prefix derivation, also called prefixing, is one in which, based on the root of an original term, add one prefix to create words. In other words, an affix is ​​added before the stem (hence called a prefix), generating a new term based on that one.

In Portuguese, the most common prefixes are of Latin or Greek origin.

Prefix Derivation Examples

In prefixal derivation, prefixes added to the stem give rise to new words.
In prefixal derivation, prefixes added to the stem give rise to new words.

In prefix derivation, the original word stems are kept completely or partially, while prefixes give them new meanings. Notice, in the examples below, how each prefix adds its own meaning to generate the derived word:

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Word
primitive

Word
derivative

mobile

selfmobile

happy

inhappy

arm

beforearm

migrate

andmigrate, imigrate

run

perrun

to read

reto read

author

coauthor

concept

preconcept

Score

againstScore

to do

desto do

version

introversion

Read too:Regressive derivation - reduction of the original word to form a new one

solved exercises

Question 1 - (Funrio - adapted) The word that does not have a prefix is:

A) unfair

B) discredit

C) reveal

D) viscount

E) evil

Resolution

Alternative E. The word “evil” actually has a suffix but not a prefix.

Question 2 - (Acep - adapted)

Tick ​​the alternative where "infra" NO is prefix.

A) Offender

B) Offense

C) Inframediocre

D) Infraglottic

E) Infraplaced

Resolution

Alternative B. The word “infrato” is not made up of the prefix “infra”.

By Guilherme Viana
grammar teacher

Source: Brazil School - https://brasilescola.uol.com.br/gramatica/derivacao-prefixal-prefixacao.htm

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Prefix derivation (prefixation): what is it, examples

Prefix derivation (prefixation): what is it, examples

THE prefix derivation is the type of derivation in which if add prefixes to the root of the word,...

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