Gerundio passato (composite)

Meaning: / Meaning: * “Infinite mode of the verb che assumes in forma invaribile and in propozioni secondarie, valore circostanziale rispetto all'azione espressa dalla proposizione principale; in Italian ha due tempi, present (mangiando) and passato (avendo mangiato).” / Infinitive mode of the verb that takes the invariable form and in secondary sentences, circumstantial value in relation to the action expressed by the main sentence; the Italian has two tenses, present (eating) and past (having eaten).

* Definition taken from the Dizionario Italiano Sabatini – Coletti edits dalla Casa Editrice Giunti.

Come si see, il gerundio ha due tempi: present and past. Vedrai loose adhesion to the tempo passato (la sua formazione)./ As can be seen, the gerund has two tenses: present and past. You will now only see the past tense (your training).

Osservassioni:/ Remarks:

 All’italiano il gerundio passato non è molto usato and generally viene sotituto dalle phrase comes: ‘Ha passato all’esame perché ha studiato.’ all’invece di ‘Avendo studiato ha passato all’esame.

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’/ In Italian, the past gerund is not used much and is usually replaced by phrases such as: 'He (a) passed the test because he studied.” instead of: 'Having studied, he/she passed the test.'

 Please note that the gerundium passes with ESSERE if you do not read the general regulation to the rispetto della agreement./ Don't forget that the gerund composed with the ‘ESSERE’ follows the general rules regarding concordance.

Come formare il gerundio passato? / How to form the compound gerund?

 Osserva sotto la formula: / See the formula below:

Gerundio present I gave verbi ESSERE or AVERE + participle passato del verb

Vedi degli esempi: / See some examples:

 Aprire - I sellgrip/ Open - having opened

 Chiudere – I sellchiuso / Close - having closed

 Vedere - I sellvisa / See - having seen

 Rimanere - I sellrismasto / Stay (remain) - having stayed or having remained

 Floor - beingandato / Go - having gone

 Fare - I sellsuit / Do - having done

 Buy - I sellpurchase / Buy - having bought

 Bere - I sellbevy / Drinking – having been drinking

Vedi delle frasi: / See some sentences:

1) beingandati presto sono arrivati ​​a Milano alle 22 ore./ They, having gone early, arrived in Milan at 10 pm.

2) I sellsuit Tutto che voleva al lavoro, Anna is arrivata in ritardo alla cena./ Having done everything she wanted at work, Anna arrived late for dinner.

3) I sellbevy molto alla festa Paolo è rimasto ubbriaco. / Having drunk too much at the party, Paolo got drunk.

4) I sellchiuso le porte non c’ère vento al saloto./ Having closed the doors, there was no wind in the room.

5) I sellvisa quel film ho scoperto che mi piace lo stilo tragico. / Having seen that movie, I found that I like the drama.

6) I sellgrip i negozi sono andata a comprarmi una bella gonna./ Having opened the stores, I went to buy myself a nice skirt.

7) I sellpurchase tutto sono andata a casa./ Having bought everything, I went home.

8) beingrhymed a Roma sono andate più di una return alla Piazza Barberini./ Having stayed in Rome, they went to Piazza Barberini more than once.

Osservassone:/ Note:

If you want to know a po’ di più sull’argoment ‘gerundio’, access the text “Gerundio.”. And if you go to capire sul ‘passage participle’, you can access the text “Participle: present and passato.”/ If you want to know a little more about the subject 'gerund', access the text: "Gerund.”. And if you want to understand about 'past participle', just access the text: "Partition: present and past.”.

Isabela Reis de Paula
Brazil School Collaborator
Graduated in Languages ​​with Qualification in Portuguese and Italian
By the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ

Italian - Brazil School

Source: Brazil School - https://brasilescola.uol.com.br/italiano/gerundio-passato-composto.htm

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