Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Sir

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Traralgon-born Australian virologist, specialist in immunological tissue resistance and one of the Nobel Prize winners in Physiology or Medicine (1960). A graduate of the University of Melbourne (1923), he worked as a fellow researcher at the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, London (1926-1927). Back in Australia he was appointed assistant director of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research at the Royal Melbourne Hospital (1928). He took over its direction (1944) and became professor of experimental medicine at the University of Melbourne.
Co-winner with the British Peter Medawar, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1960) for the discovery of acquired immunological resistance in tissue transplants. Developed a standard method for identifying bacteria through bacteriophage viruses and isolated Rickettsia burneti or Coxiella burneti, the microorganism that causes Q fever, a disease with symptoms similar to that of pneumonia.
Among many honors he was Knight (1951), Knight of the British Empire (1969) and Knight of the Order of Australia (1978). Among his publications were Viruses and man (1953), Principles of animal virology (1955), The clonal selection theory of acquired immunity (1959), Immunology, aging and cancer (1976) and Endurance of life (1978). He died in Melbourne.

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Picture copied from THE NOBEL PRIZE website:
http://www.nobel-prize.org/
Source: http://www.dec.ufcg.edu.br/biografias/

Order F - Biography - Brazil School

Source: Brazil School - https://brasilescola.uol.com.br/biografia/frank-macfarlane-burnet.htm

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