Oblique pronouns and their functions

First, we will look at the image below, and then we will know a little more about the various characteristics referring to this grammatical class called “pronoun”.

Does she remind you of something?
Certainly yes, as our knowledge reveals that pronouns are subdivided into specific categories, that is, we have personal, oblique, treatment, possessive, indefinite, relative, interrogative and demonstratives.
In a special way, we will pay a little more attention to the oblique pronouns, those described in the image above. Did you know that, in addition to replacing some words, in this case nouns, they can also work as a complement to verbs in some circumstances? This is because some of them (the verbs) have no meaning on their own, which is why they need a complement. So, so that our little heads don't feel so confused, we will start to understand step by step how the fact actually occurs. Note:

I saw the girl yesterday. In an attempt to replace the word “girl” with a pronoun, what is the correct way to say it?

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I saw her. Our! Sounds awful, doesn't it?
Now, if we said:
I saw her.
In addition to sounding elegant, it still conforms to what we call the standard language – the one required by writing.
Well, the verb to see is an example of those verbs that need a complement, because whenever we see, we see someone. Therefore, the “a”, which belongs to the oblique pronouns, is company for this verb.
In this way, the pronouns, occupying the function of complements, receive the name of direct object and indirect object, and both differ only by the presence of the preposition, that is, in the direct object it does not exist, but in the indirect it is there... firm and strong!!! So, let's check out some examples:
* The oblique pronouns “o, a, os, as, lo, la, los, las, no, na, nos, nas” function only as a direct object.
I invited the girl to walk around.
I invited-The to walk around.

we must tidy up the table for dinner.
We must clean-there for dinner.

In both cases, we see that there is no preposition.
Now, let's look at these others?
I gave the message the teacher.
I gave-you the message, because we always give someone a message.

I delivered the invitations to colleagues.
I delivered-them the invitations, because we give them to someone, do you agree?

As we can see, the pronoun “lhe” occupied the function of an indirect object, since in all cases we identified the presence of the preposition.
By Vânia Duarte
Graduated in Letters
Kids School Team

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