O Biome (in BIOS: climate; and wave: mass or group) is a large set of interconnected ecosystems. ecosystem, in turn, is an ecological system where there is life and interaction between living beings in a given space, which can vary in size, from a pool of water to a large forest.
In general, we can say that the Biomes they are large geographic spaces that share the same physical, biological and climatic characteristics, with a large number of plant and animal species.
Generally, the biomes they are defined or delimited according to the main vegetation that composes them. For example: the space occupied by savannas is called the Savanna Biome. In some cases, the biome is defined according to other criteria, such as climate, soil types, among others. For example: Wet Tropical Forest and Dry Tropical Forest.
There are several different types of terrestrial biomes in the world, some of them are:
1. Tropical rainforests;
2. Dry tropical forests;
4. Coniferous Forest;
5. Temperate forests;
6. Mediterranean biome;
9. temperate meadows;
These biomes can encompass other smaller biomes that are part of them. In Brazil, for example, the Cerrado biome is part of the Savannah biome; the Amazon Biome is part of the Tropical Forest and so on.
In addition to terrestrial biomes, there are also aquatic biomes, such as the Aquatic Zones, the Continental Shelf, the Reefs and others.
Studying the characteristics of biomes is important in order to understand their importance for the maintenance of life on Earth, because they offer conditions for the maintenance of life, in addition to interfering with climate dynamics both locally and globally.
By Rodolfo Alves Pena
Graduated in Geography