Meaning of Biome (What it is, Concept and Definition)

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Biome is the set of living beings of an area. It is also understood as the set of terrestrial ecosystems.

It is in the biosphere that biomes are found, relatively homogeneous associations of plants, animals and others living beings with balance with each other and with the physical environment.

This word was created by an American ecologist named Frederic Clements, who defined biome as a plant and animal community, usually from the same formation. Since its creation, the biome has undergone some modifications and many definitions.

Biomes have similar physiognomic types of vegetation, the same ecological factors and are closely related to latitude ranges, hence to climate. For example: in areas of low latitude or tropical climate, tropical forests predominate; in mid-latitude areas, temperate forests appear.

Biome is a set of different ecosystems, biological communities, fauna and flora organisms, such as tropical rainforests, tundra, savanna, arctic desert, rainforest, subtropical or temperate, aquatic biomes such as coral reefs, oceanic zones, beaches and dunes.

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The terrestrial biomes are constituted by three groups of beings, those that produce are the plants, those that consume are the animals and the decomposers that are the fungi and the bacteria.

A set of ecosystems constitutes a biome, and the set of all the Earth's biomes constitutes the Earth's biosphere.

Brazilian Biomes

Brazil has six types of biomes:

  • Amazon: occupies about 50% of the country (northwest).
  • thick: occupies approximately 24% of the country (midwest).
  • Atlantic forest: present in about 13% of the country (south and southeast).
  • Caatinga: present in about 10% of the country (northeast).
  • pampa: occupies about 2% of the country (south).
  • Wetland:: extension of more or less 2% of the country (midwest).

Learn more about Brazilian biomes.

See too:

  • 5 Characteristics of the Cerrado

  • thick

  • Atlantic forest

  • Caatinga

  • pampa

  • wetland
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